About the company

 Coal India Limited (CIL) the state owned coal mining corporate came into being in November 1975. With a modest production of 79 Million Tonnes (MTs) at the year of its inception CIL today is the single largest coal producer in the world. Operating through 82 mining areas CIL is an apex body with 7 wholly owned coal producing subsidiaries and 1 mine planning and consultancy company spread over 8 provincial states of India. CIL also manages 200 other establishments like workshops, hospitals etc.  Further, it also owns 26 technical & management training institutes and 102 Vocational Training Institutes Centres. Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM) as a state-of-the-art Management Training ‘Centre of Excellence’ – the largest Corporate Training Institute in India - operates under CIL and conducts multi-disciplinary management development programmes.
CIL is a Maharatna company - a privileged status conferred by Government of India to select state owned enterprises in order to empower them to expand their operations and emerge as global giants. The select club has only few members out of more than Central Public Sector Enterprises in the country. 

The producing Indian subsidiary companies of Coal India Limited:

  • 1) Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL)
  • 2) Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL)
  • 3) Central Coalfields Limited (CCL)
  • 4) Western Coalfields Limited (WCL)
  • 5) South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL)
  • 6) Northern Coalfields Limited (NCL)
  • 7) Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL)
One mine planning and consultancy company of Coal India Limited is Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL). 


Unmatched Strategic Relevance

Produces around 84% of India’s overall coal production In India where approximately 57% of primary commercial energy is coal dependent, CIL alone meets to the tune of 40% of primary commercial energy requirement. The share of coal is expected to remain high at 48-54% till 2040.Accounts for 76% of total thermal power generating capacity of the Utility sector. Supplies coal at prices discounted to international prices. Insulates Indian coal consumers against price volatility. Makes the end user industry globally competitive. Plays a key role in “Make in India” and making India incorporate globally competitive. 

Production and Growth
During 2016-17, CIL produced 554.14 Million Tonnes (MTs) of coal – an increase of 15.39 MTs over last year. Coal production has taken a quantum jump of over 100 MTs in the last five-year span, from the level of 452.21 MT in 2012-13 to the current level. Raw coal off-take Financial Year ending 31st March 2017 was 543.32 MT, an increase of 8.82 MTs over the previous year. Coal & coal products despatch to power utilities (including special forward e-Auction) was 425.40 MTs.  But for the regulated intake of coal by many of the GenCos, despatch of coal to power sector could have been higher. Consolidating India’s Energy Security It is becoming increasingly evident that domestic coal demand is far outstripping the indigenous production in India. The gap between demand and supply is ever expanding. Especially so in the wake of increased capacity addition in power sector which is predominantly coal dependent. CIL has taken it upon itself, in the interest of meeting the country’s energy requirement, through multi-pronged approach. Latest mining technology in opencast mines and underground mines is being introduced befitting the requirement. Coal India is also closely monitoring operational efforts right upto the mine level. The important actions initiated are regular monitoring of project related issues with different ministries and State Authorities. Employees have also been sensitized to the importance of this challenge right up to the area and mine level.


There are 116 ongoing Mining projects having annual capacity 0f 576.02 MT which have contributed 243.98 MT in the year 2016-17. Other than this, there are 130 completed mining projects having annual capacity of 263.36 MT in CIL. 246 Coal mining Projects having an ultimate capacity of 839.38 Million Tonnes per Year (Mty) have been identified to be taken up in the year 2017-18.

Clean Coal Initiatives: 
Coal Bed Methane extraction: Two projects are under implementation namely, ‘Collaborative Development of CBM’ and a demonstration project namely ‘CBM Recovery and Commercial Utilisation’. CMM / AMM extraction: An R&D project titled ‘Development of capacity for delineation of viable CMM/AMM’ is under progress. Ventilation air Methane (VAM): To reduce methane emissions in the atmosphere, the Ventilation Air Methane (VAM) could be trapped & utilized. CIL is in the process of procuring technologies for analyzing samples of CH4 and other volatile organic compounds in the return air.   Underground Coal Gasification (UCG): CIL has identified blocks for collaborative development of UCG in 2 blocks, and an Expression of Interest has been floated to identify technology partners.


Touching Peoples’ lives at grass root level
Unlike other parts of the world, coal reserves in India mostly under the forest land or in tribal inhabited areas. Inevitably coal mining displaces people. But, CIL has a well structured Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy for Project Affected People. The company Pursues ‘Mining with a human face’ through socially sustainable inclusive model of growth by making Project Affected People stakeholders in the decision making process for their livelihood.

Care for Environment
One of the inherent tendencies of coal mining is degradation of the land and environment. CIL constantly addresses the impact of mining activities across environmental and social issues. Eco-friendly mining systems have been put in place in all of its mining areas. To make environmental mitigation measures more transparent, CIL introduced state-of-the-art Satellite Surveillance to monitor land reclamation and restoration for all opencast projects. Plantation and Green belt are developed through extensive tree plantation programmes every year by the subsidiaries of Coal India.  The subsidiaries of CIL have planted around 94.016 million of trees covering an area over 37,557.46 Ha. Till March’2017 and during 2016-17, 1.66 million trees have been planted covering an area of 661.20 Ha. Committed to minimize the adverse impact of coal mining on environment through well structured Environment Management Plans and sustainable development activities. CIL has started integration of Environment Management System (ISO:14001) with Quality Management System (ISO:9001) and till date ECL, NCL, MCL, CMPDI and CILHQ have successfully achieved certification. This integration is being extended to the rest if its subsidiaries phase-wise.