About the company

 Coal India Limited (CIL) the state owned coal mining corporate came into being in November 1975. With a modest production of 79 Million Tonnes (MTs) at the year of its inception CIL today is the single largest coal producer in the world. Operating through 82 mining areas CIL is an apex body with 7 wholly owned coal producing subsidiaries and 1 mine planning and consultancy company spread over 8 provincial states of India. CIL also manages 200 other establishments like workshops, hospitals etc.  Further, it also owns 26 technical & management training institutes and 102 Vocational Training Institutes Centres. Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM) as a state-of-the-art Management Training ‘Centre of Excellence’ – the largest Corporate Training Institute in India - operates under CIL and conducts multi-disciplinary management development programmes.
CIL is a Maharatna company - a privileged status conferred by Government of India to select state owned enterprises in order to empower them to expand their operations and emerge as global giants. The select club has only few members out of more than Central Public Sector Enterprises in the country. 

The producing Indian subsidiary companies of Coal India Limited:

  • 1) Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL)
  • 2) Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL)
  • 3) Central Coalfields Limited (CCL)
  • 4) Western Coalfields Limited (WCL)
  • 5) South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL)
  • 6) Northern Coalfields Limited (NCL)
  • 7) Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL)
One mine planning and consultancy company of Coal India Limited is Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL). 


Production and Growth
During 2017-18, CIL produced 567.365 Million Tonnes (MTs) of coal – an increase of 13.225 MTs over last year. Coal production has taken a quantum jump of over 115 MTs in the last five-year span, from the level of 452.211 MT in 2012-13 to the current level. Raw coal off-take Financial Year ending 31st March 2018 was 580.284 MT, an increase of 36.965 MTs over the previous year. Coal & coal products despatch to power utilities (including special forward e-Auction) was 454.224 MTs in 2017-18 with a growth of 6.8 % over previous year. However, for the regulated intake of coal by many of the GenCos, despatch of coal to power sector could have been higher. Consolidating India’s Energy Security, it is becoming increasingly evident that domestic coal demand is far outstripping the indigenous production in India. The gap between demand and supply is ever expanding. Especially so in the wake of increased capacity addition in power sector which is predominantly coal dependent. CIL has taken it upon itself, in the interest of meeting the country’s energy requirement, through multi-pronged approach. Latest mining technology in opencast mines and underground mines is being introduced befitting the requirement. Coal India is also closely monitoring operational efforts right upto the mine level. The important actions initiated are regular monitoring of project related issues with different ministries and State Authorities. Employees have also been sensitized to the importance of this challenge right up to the area and mine level.


There are 117 ongoing Mining Projects (Rs 20 Crs and above) having annual capacity of 605.50 MTY which have contributed 317.42 MT in the year 2018-19. Other than this, 123 completed mining projects having annual capacity of 227.02 MT are operating in CIL. 4 New Coal Mining Projects having an ultimate capacity of total 48.9 MTY have been identified to be taken up in FY 2019-20.

Clean Coal Initiatives: 
CIL initiative:
As a part of clean coal initiative, CIL has planned for extraction of CBM in potential CBM blocks in various coalfields. Exploitation of CBM prior to extraction of coal will ensure enhanced safety during coal production from the coal blocks with CBM potential. The extracted CBM will be commercially utilized. The CBM Policy 1997 was modified by MoP&NG, GoI in May 2018. Thereafter, CIL and its subsidiaries have identified two CBM blocks -one in Jharia coalfield (BCCL command area) and another in Raniganj coalfield (ECL command area) for development of CBM/CMM. Two projects in these blocks have been conceived and approved in principle. Tendering process of both the projects will be initiated shortly. Another project, namely “Pre-drainage of Coal Mine methane at Moonidih UG mine” has also been planned and approved. Process for selection of suitable technology/service provider is in progress. Job of identification of more CBM Blocks in CIL command area is in progress.
CIL has joined hands with ONGC for development of CBM through Un-incorporated Joint Venture (UJV). Govt. of India allotted two CBM blocks (Raniganj North CBM Block and Jharia CBM Block) to ONGC-CIL JV in 2003 where CBM activities are in progress. Underground Coal Gasification:
Kasta block in Raniganj coalfields under ECL command area has been identified for development of UCG. Process for identification of service provider has been initiated.


Touching Peoples’ lives at grass root level
Unlike other parts of the world, coal reserves in India mostly under the forest land or in tribal inhabited areas. Inevitably coal mining displaces people. But, CIL has a well structured Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy for Project Affected People. The company Pursues ‘Mining with a human face’ through socially sustainable inclusive model of growth by making Project Affected People stakeholders in the decision making process for their livelihood.